In spring of 2009, the federal government passed the Children’s Health Insurance Program Reauthorization Act or CHIPRA. The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), formerly known as the State Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) provides health insurance to low income children. Like Medicaid, it is federally mandated, but state run. Some states provide health insurance for kids through existing Medicaid programs while others have created a separate insurance scheme. The eligibility of kids for CHIP is more generous (as judged by FPL) than Medicaid.