Unbiased Analysis of Today's Healthcare Issues

Archive for the 'Comparative Effectiveness' Category

Applying Cost Effectiveness Analysis to all Health Care Interventions

That is the topic of a Health Affairs blog post published today by James Baumgarder and Peter Neumann.  An excerpt is below. Cost-effectiveness analysis (CEA) is an important tool for assessing and pointing the way toward better health care efficiency. The number of published CEAs on health care interventions has blossomed, averaging 34 per year […]

Read the rest of this entry »

Orphan Medical Products

Should health insurers cover orphan drugs?  Although the clear answer appears to be yes, the issue is tricky.  An orphan drug is one which treats a limited number of people.  In Europe, this designation generally applies to patients with a disease with an overall prevalence between 5 and 10,000 individuals. In order to incentivize innovators […]

Read the rest of this entry »

Patient Engagement in Cost Effectiveness Research

Cost effectiveness research aims to determine if the benefits of a treatment outweigh the cost.  But which benefits should be included?  How should we weight improvements in different outcomes?  What data and methods need to be used to measure benefits and costs? These are questions that academics typically think of as within the domain of […]

Read the rest of this entry »

What is the value of a QALY?

Many new treatments deliver significant benefits to patients.  In many cases, however, the new treatments may be more expensive.  How do we know if a treatment is worth the cost? Cost effectiveness analysis helps us answer this question.  Cost is fairly easy to calculate but benefits are more complicated.  A treatment could extend a person’s […]

Read the rest of this entry »

Do pharmaceuticals have value to healthy people?

Value-based pricing has become all the rage of late among health policy wonks. Medicare aims to tie 90% of reimbursement to some measure of value by 2018. The AMA has endorsed value-based pricing for pharmaceuticals. Organizations such as IVI and ICER propose different approaches for measuring value as well. Typically, value is measured as the […]

Read the rest of this entry »

Adding the patient perspective to health technology assessment

Health technology assessments (HTAs) aim to measure the cost effectiveness of a given treatment or set of treatments for a specific patient populations.  Often, these assessments are conducted from the point of view of the payer–either a national health system or the individual insurer perspective.  This payer focused perspective can often focus largely on treatment costs rather […]

Read the rest of this entry »

Extended Cost Effectiveness Analysis

Cost effectiveness analysis (CEA) examines whether treatment benefits outweight treatment costs on average for a given patient population. A 2016 paper by Verguet, Kim and Jamison examine the concept of extended cost effectiveness analysis (ECEA) which applies cost effectiveness methodologies to health care policies. The policies are evaluated over 4 domains: (1) health gains; (2) […]

Read the rest of this entry »

Should cost-effectiveness analysis ignore the price of the drug?

Cost effectiveness analysis (CEA) aims to examine whether the benefits of a treatment outweigh the costs.  However, whenever one is conducting a CEA a key question is benefits to whom and costs to whom.  For instance, a modestly efficacious  drug may be cost effective from the patient’s perspective if all or most costs are covered by insurance. […]

Read the rest of this entry »

How do we measure the value of and pay for biomedical innovation?

Dana Goldman, Samuel Nussbaum, and Mark Linthicum have an interesting post on the Health Affairs blog about innovation, value measurement and pricing.  The article mentions the new Innovation and Value Initiative, where I serve as the Director of Research.  An excerpt is below. New pricing mechanisms are needed to effectively link prices to value; we […]

Read the rest of this entry »

Nothing NICE about ICER?

On it’s website, the Instititute for Clinical and Economic Review (ICER) claims that it is “…a trusted non-profit organization that evaluates evidence on the value of medical tests, treatments and delivery system innovations and moves that evidence into action to improve the health care system. ” A recent article in Huffington Post however, disagrees.  They make two key […]

Read the rest of this entry »