Unbiased Analysis of Today's Healthcare Issues

Archive for the 'Nursing Homes' Category

Are nursing home expenses driving savings?

From a working paper by Karen A. Kopecky and Tatyana Koreshkova. …even though they are only a third of OOP [out-of-pocket] health expenses, the presence of nursing home expenses accounts for more than half of savings for all health expenses…We find that 27 percent of savings for old-age OOP health expenses, 3.7 percent of private wealth, is […]

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Long-Term Care Hospitals

What are Long-Term Care Hospitals (LTCH)?  These facilities are different from nursing homes.  The New York Times explains the type of care they provide: These are no ordinary hospitals: Critically ill patients, sometimes unresponsive or in comas, may live here for months, even years, sustained by respirators and feeding tubes. Some, especially those recovering from accidents, […]

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Long-Term Care in 5 European Countries

Trends in long-term care spending and use has been rising over time.  The graphs below, from Nadash et al. (2012) demonstrate this trend between 2000 and 2008. Annual Expenditures Long-Term Care Expenditures   Annual Enrollment in Long-Term Care Programs Today, I review the long-term care systems in five European countries: Austria, England, France, Germany, and […]

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International Strategies for Skilled Nursing Facility Reimbursement

In the past, I have written about how Medicare pays for Skilled Nursing Facilities (SNF).  Medicare uses a case-mix adjusted per diem rate.  This approach, however, isn’t the only manner payers can use to reimburse nursing facilities.  Consider how Australia pays for nursing care under their Australian National Sub-Acute and Non-Acute Patient Classification System (AN-SNAP): […]

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Fixing the “Observation Status Loophole”

In order for Medicare to reimburse post-acute care in a skilled nursing facility (SNF), Medicare beneficiaries must have a 3-day hospital stay. Some hospital stays, however, are not counted as hospital stays; rather, they may be defined as “observation status” care that do not merit an inpatient admission. Patients may stay overnight at the hospital […]

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Long Term Care in the 13th Century

There have been a number of recent efforts to finance long-term care for the elderly. The health reform law, as amended by the Health Care and Education Reconciliation Act of 2010, created a national, voluntary insurance program for purchasing community living services and supports known as the Community Living Assistance Services and Supports program (CLASS […]

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Medicare pays $5.1 billion for Poor Quality Skilled Nursing Facility Care

The Office of the Inspector General found substandard care at a number of skilled nursing facilities. Their investigation found the following: For 37 percent of stays, SNFs did not develop care plans that met requirements or did not provide services in accordance with care plans. For 31 percent of stays, SNFs did not meet discharge […]

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The Effect of Medicaid P4P on Nursing Home Quality

Over 10 million Americans need long-term services and supports to assist them in life’s daily activities.  Of these, 1.6 million reside in a nursing home. Nursing home care, however, is expensive ($74,800 per year) and and quality is highly variable. To improve the quality of care, many states have begun adopting pay-for-performance (P4P) programs for nursing homes. Between […]

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Free-Market Healthcare? Nursing Home Payment and Financing

Although many people believe that the U.S. healthcare system is a free-market, that is far from the case.  Consider nursing homes.  Two-thirds of patient spending on nursing home care comes from public sources.   Not only do public funds pay for the variable cost of running nursing homes, but the federal government also provides low-interest […]

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Effect of Nursing Home Ownership on Quality

Do non-profit nursing home provide better quality than for-profit nursing homes? Generally, for-profit nursing homes appear to have better quality measures, but this could be due to the fact that non-profit nursing homes act as a safety net, whereas non-profit nursing homes treat sicker patients. Today, I look at Grabowski et al. (2012)‘s attempt to […]

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